Supporting Healthy Habitats

Many habitat types on Reserve properties require on-going maintenance to promote biodiversity and protect species of greatest conservation need. Maintenance tools and frequency of management actions varies by habitat and, in many instances, requires external resources in the form of expertise, equipment use and/or funding support.

In many instances, the best way to maintain healthy habitat is to ‘get out of the way’! As sea level rises, salt marsh plants are beginning to grow at higher elevations. We are monitoring coastal water levels and documenting changes in plant communities in the expectation that the new area of salt marsh may provide suitable habitat for marsh-dependent species in the coming decades. We are also adapting to the changing environment by closing flooded roads and creating new access to the coastline where needed.   

Volunteer students and Prudence Island residents help to remove invasive species, such as autumn olive, tree of heaven, and European larch. Native plants are often outcompeted by aggressive, introduced species which will change the habitat over time without supporting a variety of plants and animals.